Norway

How Norway became a world-leader in sustainable fishing

The fishing industry has been vital to our livelihood for centuries, but how has it evolved to make us one of the world leaders in sustainable seafood?

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The timeline

Stone Age
岩石雕刻展示皮艇捕捞大比目鱼的景象。早在14世纪,挪威就开始向欧洲出口鱼干。
1200
Herring features in Sturluson’s Kings’ Sagas.
1692
第一艘装满了鳕鱼的轮船从挪威出发。
1808
The seas are rich with herring. Trading begins with Sweden, Germany and Russia.
1870
Herring crisis. Norwegians seek out alternative incomes.
1880
Norway sends 75 vessels to Iceland to assist with the catch.
1900
The Institute of Marine Research logo black&white
The Institute of Marine Research is founded in Norway. This research institute is vital for the monitoring of stocks and the regulation of our fisheries.
1900-1950
Herring returns and Norway’s catch volume increases to 1.3 million tonnes
1908
政府推出首个拖网捕鱼法案,减缓了挪威拖网渔业务的发展。
1920
尽管经历了较大的阻力,机动捕鱼货轮数量仍然上升至6000艘。
1926
Norges fiskarlag logo
挪威捕鱼人协会成立,承担挪威捕鱼人国家贸易联盟的责任。
1934
捕鱼舰队的继续进行现代化发展,来自Rogaland的围网捕捞船“Signal III”号是挪威第一艘使用声呐系统外框鱼群的渔船。
1936
Logo Norges sildesalgslag (Black and white)
The Norges Sildesalslag (Norwegian Fishermen’s Sales organisation for pelagic fish) was founded following the merger of two fishing associations, Storsildlaget and Stor-og Vårsildlaget.
1938
挪威政府通过了生鱼法案,给予捕鱼人垄断权,他们得以通过自己的销售组织,在各自地理区域范围内销售某一类型的鱼产品。这一举措有助于确保沿海地区鱼类价格相对统一和稳定。
1946
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs logo
劳动党的Reidar Carlsen担任捕鱼协会的部长,他让挪威成为全球首个拥有雷达渔船的国家。同年,捕鱼协会成立。
1950
Nylon is introduced, strengthening our purse seines.
1957
来自Havoysund的Ola Ryggefjord是挪威第一艘使用动力滑块或围网绞车的渔船,这种设备能够显著提升围网捕鱼量。
1959
东北大西洋渔业委员会成立。这是开展国际共享资源合作谈判的重要论坛之一。
1960
The stock of spawning herring collapses due to overfishing.
1962
第一艘加工拖网渔船“M/TR Longva”号在挪威完工。
1977
Map showing the fishery protection zone
挪威周边建立了范围200英里的渔业保护区,挪威这个保护区中的自然资源享有专有取用权。
1982
联合国海洋法公约开放签署 这个国际法案规定了公海的交通和经济活动,并对临近海域沿海国家的权利进行了制约。
1984
挪威引入了开放和关闭捕鱼区系统。
1987
挪威引入丢弃鱼类禁令。该禁令最初针对北纬62°以北经济区的鳕鱼和黑线鳕鱼,之后适用范围逐渐扩大。
1991
Norge logo black&white
挪威海产品出口外贸局成立。2012年,NSEC更名为挪威海产品委员会。
1994
挪威海产品联盟成立。这个组织将所有海产品行业聚集在一个机构的管辖范围内。
2009
MSC logo black&white
North Sea herring and Norwegian spring spawning herring achieve MSC Certification.
2015
Pelagic fish exported from Norway is valued at NOK 6.9 billion
2019
100 billion in export value were passed for the first time.